Spain climate guide

Read our complete guide to the climate in Spain.

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Maximum daytime temperature °C
Hours of sunshine (daily)
Days with some rainfall

Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Spain for next month - July. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year.

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The climate guide for Spain (Madrid) shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Find out more about our data sources.

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Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches)

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Spain climate overview

Spain occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula at the western extremity of the European mainland. Its urban attractions range from the grand and cosmopolitan cities of Madrid and Barcelona, to atmospheric Mediterranean towns and cities with their history of Roman settlement, and more evident remains of the Moorish occupation.

Central Spain is dominated by a vast central elevated plateau. This is heavily dissected by river gorges into several rugged sierras. The natural vegetation high up on the plains is little more than arid scrub, but pine forests and deciduous woodland cling to river valleys and gorges below.

The soils are generally poor but do support crops of wheat and barley. Mainly because of its altitude, Spain's interior has cold winters with showers and snow flurries, contrasting with hot dry summers.

The Pyrenees are the highest mountains in Spain and lie along its northern border with France. The sheer magnitude of the scenery is spectacular with a mixture of desolate scree and pockets of pine forest. Frequent and heavy winter snowfall is often accompanied by cloud and high winds. The summers are much drier with plenty of sun and warm temperatures.

The lowland plains of Spain adjacent to both Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines support extensive agriculture. In the south this ranges from olives and oranges to vegetables and fruit for northern European supermarkets. Except at higher elevations wine is produced almost everywhere. The Atlantic coast is the wettest part of the country with rain throughout the year, cool winters and warm summers.

The Mediterranean coast including the Balearic Islands of Majorca, Menorca and Ibiza has a much drier climate with hardly any rain in the summer months. This makes the Balearic Islands, Costa Brava, Costa Blanca, and the Costa del Sol among the most popular holiday destinations in all of Europe with most resorts enjoying at least 10 hours of sunshine per day at the height of summer.

The Canary Islands, lying off the coast of Africa 1,500 kilometres (825 miles) to the south-west, are also part of Spain. Summers on these volcanic islands are actually cooler than on the Spanish mainland because of the surrounding ocean. However, being that much further south, the climate in winter is far milder with temperatures at sea level hardly ever falling below 10°C, even at night. What little rain there is here falls during the winter months from November to March.

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